More than 6.1 million refugees and migrants have left Venezuela as a result of the political turmoil, socio-economic instability and the ongoing humanitarian crisis.

Seventeen countries host around 80 per cent of Venezuelans (more than 5 million) throughout Latin America and the Caribbean – triggering the largest external displacement crisis in Latin America’s recent history.

What are the development challenges in Venezuela?

Thousands of Venezuelans cross various South American countries on foot. Many flee without knowing their final destination. Some have left behind their families, their communities and their loved ones. Others are moving to reunited with them.

Refugees and migrants compelled to leave Venezuela use diverse routes to reach their destination including by land, plane and sea, sometimes putting their lives at risk. More people are taking sea routes than in years prior too – taking short maritime routes toward neighbouring Caribbean islands.

Many leave without documents to cross borders. They face great risks at the hands of smugglers and traffickers.

Countries in the region have generously opened their borders, providing Venezuelans with access to healthcare, education and employment.

Source: IOM, 2023.

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