Following more than two decades of conflict, a new federal government emerged in Mogadishu in 2012 within the framework established by the Provisional Constitution. 

Soon after, the international community agreed to the Somali New Deal Compact–an organizing framework (2014-2016) for assistance delivery to the country—with the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS),  in line with national priorities, increasing delivery through Somali institutions.

What are the development challenges in Somalia?

More than half of the population lives in poverty and a large proportion is sensitive to negative shocks. Real GDP growth declined to 2.3% in 2017, compared to 4.4% in 2016. Economic activity is mainly anchored in agriculture and the services sector. The agriculture sector experienced near total collapse with crop failures, a widespread shortage of water and pasture; and increased livestock mortality. Inflationary pressure increased in 2017 due to drought driven by significant increases in crop prices.

How does Alliance2015 help?

Cash is revolutionising the way that humanitarian aid is being delivered. Somalia is a prime example of this, where in coordination with donors such as European Commission’s Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) and Irish Aid, Concern, together with Acted, is finding innovative ways to ensure that those most in need are reached while empowering them along the way.

Coordinated Implementation of Multipurpose Cash Assistance to Support Somali Households Affected by Crisis

Since the devastating famine in 2011, cash transfers have been used in Somalia to meet the immediate needs of communities while building their resilience to future shocks. This is based on a sound understanding of what communities affected by crises – such as conflict, drought and displacement – really need, and what works best to respond to those needs.

Between 2016 and 2017, Somalia experienced four consecutive below average or failed rainy seasons, and was on the brink of famine again in 2017. These dire circumstances provided another opportunity for cash to show just how effective it can be in saving lives and alleviating suffering. 

The consortium and its partners were able to respond quickly to several sudden-onset crises during 2018 including a cyclone in the north of the country and severe flooding in the south. By providing further assistance to already registered families, Concern were able to provide cash assistance in advance of more traditional assistance.